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you were watching television TV hi welcome to another ColdFusion video over the past year we've probably noticed huawei appearing in headlines along with Samsung and Apple as it turns out they're much bigger than just smartphones they're a huge force in the world of telecommunications way before they even released a smartphone today we'll see how the Chinese giant grew to be one of the largest telecom manufacturers in the world and why they're at the center of so much controversy Huawei Technologies was set up in 1987 by ren zheng fee usually the founders of companies are young and vibrant but ren was different he was in the midst of a midlife crisis and in his mid 40s when he founded the company he had plenty of technical expertise from his time as a deputy director of the People's Liberation Army Engineering Corp so from the very beginning the company has been tired in some way to the Chinese government this will come into play later in the story at this point in time in the late 1980s China was a long way behind the Western world when it came to telecommunication despite having a population of over 1 billion there were just two hundred thousand phone lines when the 90s began Huawei set up in Shenzhen a small fishing village that has since become the Silicon Valley of China only 30 years later firstly the company imported switches from Hong Kong a country which sat just across the river from China the components were switchboards that allow the company to manage multiple internal and external phone lines the demand was huge as China pushed to modernize and those also a desire for a locally made Chinese product rather than relying on imports so hawawa set up a huge research and development department that focused heavily on analyzing the equipment that was coming in and attempting to reverse-engineer it within a few years they had made the most of China's huge cheap talent pool of engineering graduates and created their own switchboard they sold these throughout China with government support and soon began to focus on a digital version of the switch in 1993 the strong focus of research and development continued as they set up new facilities in Beijing and Shanghai and by 1996 they had their first international client albeit only in Hong Kong the most important development for hawawa was the appearance of a global system for mobile coupled with the incredible adoption of the mobile phone since their founding Huawei had always been playing catch-up with the rest of the world fighting just to match what was already being made but the mobile phone leveled the playing field this was a new technology for everyone now Hawaii's research facilities became an enormous asset as they leveraged them to sign partnership deals with many of the biggest tech firms from Intel to Sun Microsystems to Motorola and Microsoft by 1997 they had their own GSM equipment in the market what many other company is focused on handsets who always main products or for running the mobile networks themselves they beat major players like Siemens and Ericsson to win a contract to upgrade Berlin's communication network in the same year they created the world's first and largest Wireless LAN network by now there were a global presence they had a 1,000 person research facility in India sales office in Berlin and major contracts in the Middle East and we're starting to look towards Europe in 2004 while we shipped their first phone the c300 this would be the first step in an extensive rise to dominance the name hawawa translated directly from Chinese means Chinese achievement and with a net worth of over eight billion dollars it seems that the company has done just that today Huawei are the second largest phone manufacturer ahead of Apple and behind Samsung but they are looking to challenge Samsung from the number one spot in 2019 the high-end smartphones have been largely praised with their may 20 pro model winning and blind smartphone camera test by Markus Brownlee with a subject sample size of over seven million people Huawei is currently the largest telecom equipment manufacturer in the world with most countries using their equipment in their telecommunication infrastructure more in this later the company has a very interesting management style in order to stay creative and always flowing with fresh ideas Huawei periodically rotates the CEOs every six months they have a 1.5 million square meter campus with Castle style buildings to move around the campus employees can take a train ride Huawei has their own Technology Park and the University at their headquarters in Shenzhen complete with student housing qualified IT graduates from the university are then offered careers in hawawa afterwards the company employs 180,000 staff the average employee age is 29 years old the company has invested over 60 billion dollars in R&D alone in the last 10 years on the point of the University and Technology Park will seem a similar thing with Samsung it seems like the Asian philosophy to business is very different especially when the companies involved have close ties to government it reminds me of how the United States was pouring money into science research and universities during the 1960's after the Sputnik launch such efforts resulted in the internet back then but today this may partly explain why Samsung and hawawa are exploiting in success I wish more countries who put a dedicated focus towards the synergy between education and business but despite all of these impressive feats Huawei has a massive trust problem in his infancy the company was more or less an offshoot of the People's Liberation Army the company claimed that it had later restructured to be collectively owned by its employees but some question to what degree the Chinese government is still involved this has been a major stumbling block for a number of big international deals this is for two main reasons firstly Huawei are accused of getting government subsidies that allow them to undercut the other big players they already have access to cheap labor but if they're subsidized it's unlikely any private business can compete with them on cost the second more major reason is if the Chinese government is involved then potentially they have access to the data flowing through the equipment of all the networks Huawei supplies equipment for networks used all over the world the NSA CIA and FBI have accused Huawei of being a front to spy on US and Canadian communications Huawei has denied these claims that many experts aren't so convinced the UK Japan Germany and Italy have all been persuaded not to use Huawei infrastructure in December of 2018 produced telecom began dismantling Huawei infrastructure this comes after New Zealand and Australia stopped using Huawei equipment for these security reasons Huawei smartphones aren't widely sold in the United States in December of 2018 the CFO and daughter of the founder of the company megwin Zhu was arrested in Canada as you see in my upcoming video China Big Brother Edition the Chinese government loves to get their hands on as much consumer data from any Chinese company at home or abroad so this panic may not be unfounded so with all of these accusations of mistrust where does the company stand today well with an annual revenue of over 92 billion dollars and being one of if not the biggest patent file of any company in the world and having 197 14 500 companies use their equipment while selling 200 million phones in 2018 it's fair to say that they're doing well Huawei will keep focusing on research as it always has but in Western nations if they want to see more growth in smartphones or otherwise they must gain trust a task much easier said than done so that is the story and size of Huawei it's interesting to look at how they started but also the security concerns that aren't as well known if you've enjoyed this video let me know this has been to gogo you've been watching cold fusion if you just stumbled across this channel feel free to subscribe I'll sure you'll find a lot of interesting stuff around here I'll see you again soon for the next video cheers guys have a good one